Establishing Intersectoral Structures for Managing Wetlands at Local Levels

The essence of the ecosystem approach is based on the cooperative nature of its executive measures. In other words, the optimal conservation and management of wetlands must be based on participation and the coordinated presence of all the stakeholders. Therefore, in order to realize this objective, the formation of a group or committee with well-defined responsibilities is necessary, and these workgroups have been established in the form of local and provincial committees based on the organizational structure of integrated management plans in wetlands having such plans. At the moment, given the area and geography of the wetlands, the local committee in the city districts (with the district governor as the president, and the head of the DoE provincial offices of the city district as the director) and the provincial committee in the provinces (with the governor as the president, and the general manager of the DoE provincial offices of the province as the director) have been established in 17 wetlands which have approved management plans. These committees perform the responsibilities set forth in the management plans. Moreover, the national committee for management and coordination of the country’s wetlands was formed in October, 2019, headed by the vice-president. This national committee works toward improving the state of the country’s wetlands and supervises issues such as the implementation of the integrated management plans, the laws related to the wetlands, and the national action plan.