Hamun-e-Saberi and Hamun-e-Hirmand

  •  Hamun-e-Saberi   and Hamun-e-Hirmand Download

    The Hamoun International Wetlands are among globally important wetlands, with an area of about 5700 square kilometers and depth range of 1 to 5 meters, located in the desert region of eastern Iran in the Sistan region and are considered the largest freshwater lake in the Iranian Plateau. The Lake consists of three parts called Hamoon-e Puzak in the northeast, Hamoon-e Saberi in the north and Hamoon-e Hirmand in the west and southwest. Large parts of Hamoun-e Puzak and Hamoun-e Saberi are located in Afghanistan and the remaining parts in Iran. The water level in each of the Hamouns varies depending on the volume of incoming water, rainy seasons, dry years and wet years, and is a function of the water flowing in the Hirmand River, of the outflows of dams, and of other seasonal rivers. In wet years and in spring following flooding of Hirmand River and its tributaries, the three Hamouns join together and take the shape of a horseshoe.      
    In 1990, the southern end of Hamoun-e Puzak, Hamoun-e Saberi, and Hamoun-e Hirmand were put on the Red List of the Ramsar Convention due to the various threats they faced (construction of hydraulic structures in Afghanistan, supplying drinking water and allocating water to the agriculture sector in Iran and Afghanistan). At present, these wetlands are faced with various problems despite the existing international environmental treaties. In this regard, the Department of Environment put the development of a Comprehensive Environmental Management Program for these wetlands on the agenda. It will be developed with the cooperation of Conservation of Iranian Wetlands Project (CIWP) in the form of a joint project with the UNDP/GEF and with the cooperation of all related institutions, local communities, non-governmental organizations and a group of technical consultants. 

     Hamun-e-Saberi   and Hamun-e-Hirmand
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